XINHUA NEWS AGENCY
Xinhua News Agency (Xinhua), the state news agency of the People’s Republic of China, is a major news and information collecting and distribution center in China. Xinhua was called Red China News Agency at its founding in November 1931 and got its current name in 1937 with more than 7,000 news reporters and editors as well as business management and technical support staff.
The head office of Xinhua is in Beijing and its news and information collecting and processing system is made up of three parts: the head office, domestic branches and overseas bureaus.
The head office has the following news and information gathering and editing departments: the Editor-in-Chief’s Office, Domestic News Department, International News Department, Home News for Overseas Service Department, Sports News Department, Photographic News Department, Reference News Department, the News and Information Center and Network Center.
Xinhua has branches in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and centrally-administered municipalities (Taiwan is not included), as well as in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions. It also has sub-branch offices or correspondent stations in more than 50 large and medium-sized cities.
Xinhua has bureaus in more than 100 countries and regions. Among them, five are regional offices that release news directly. They are the Asian-Pacific Regional Office in Hong Kong, the Latin America Regional Office in Mexico City, the Africa Regional Office in Nairobi, the Middle East Regional Office in Cairo, the Europe Regional Office in Brussels.
Xinhua has a multi-channel, multi-function and multi-level news release system. Everyday, it broadcasts news of up to more than 400,000 Chinese characters to domestic newspapers, radio and television stations through dedicated lines, and releases news of as many as 400,000 words nonstop to the rest of the world in seven languages, namely Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Portuguese.
Besides, it releases daily about 100 news photos and nearly 300,000 characters of economic information in Chinese and English to domestic and foreign subscribers. It also provides feature stories in different languages to clients in more than 130 countries according to their special requests. Established in 1993, Xinhua’s Audio-Video News Center provides programs on current events and special topics to TV stations at all levels as well as to other subscribers.
Up to now, Xinhua has set up a news, information and subscriber network both at home and abroad. It has signed news exchange and cooperation agreements with news agencies and other journalistic organizations of about 100 countries and regions.
Xinhua publishes nearly 40 publications. “Reference News” and “Fortnightly Chat” have the largest circulation in China in terms of daily newspaper and magazine respectively. The Xinhua Publishing House affiliated to Xinhua publishes more than 400 titles on journalism and politics every year.