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News In Chinese Media Monday, September 6, 1999
Current Events
·US Institution to Hold Photo Show on Modern China

·Chinese Company to Improve Water Supply in Zambian City

Economy
·Chinese Economic Powerhouse to Increase International Presence

·Building Two Industrial Corridors In Southwest China

·China Welcomes Overseas Investment in Building Materials Industry

Culture
City News
·Beijing to Host 6th World Home Pigeon Championships

·Beijing Tourism, Culture Festival Opens

·Residents to pay rubbish fees

·Survey On Citizens Investments

·Consumption Credit Available To Individuals

IT Information
·China Starts Y2k Testing of Power Systems

·New IT Corporation Established

·Information Sector Maintains Fast Growth in east China Province

·Website For National Day Celebrations

·Companies draw online shoppers

Features
·Buyi People Take to Modern Life

·Story of Fashion Designer Liu Ming

·The Burhan's Family: A Deep Love Of The Motherland

Others
·Torrential Rain Hits East China
Current Events:
US Institution to Hold Photo Show on Modern China

NEW YORK, September 4 (Xinhua) -- Asia Society, a non-profit US educational institution in New York announced Saturday that it will run a large photo exhibition to depict the changes in the 50 years of modern China.
"No place on earth has changed so much over the last 50 years as China," the society said in a news release.
It plans to show 160 photos done by 33 photographers from Asia, Europe and the United States from October 8 through January 2, 2000.
Organizers said they sought out photographers who have spent a lifetime in China, or those whose long-term commitment to China and its people offers a view from within.
The exhibits include photos of fireworks taken in 1985 by Japanese-born Hiroji Kubota and portraits and panoramic scenes done by others.
The exhibition, entitled "China: Fifty Years Inside the People's Republic," begins with a selection of black-and-white photos from the era before the founding of the Peoples' Republic in 1949.
One picture, taken by US diplomat Owen Lattimore (1900-1989), shows the youthful Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai posing for photo-journalists in Yan'an in 1937.
Visitors are expected to get a chance to meet photographers like Hiroji Kubota, Lois Conner and Brian Palmer whose works are on display.
A series of Chinese films ranging from historic epics to contemporary dramas is also being planned, according to organizers.
Funded by Ford Motor Company, the exhibition is to travel to other venues in the US, Canada and at least three places in China and elsewhere in Asia.

Chinese Company to Improve Water Supply in Zambian City

LUSAKA, September 4 (Xinhua) -- China Road and Bridge Corporation Saturday signed a contract with Kitwe City Council in northern Zambia to improve the water supply in the capital city of Copperbelt Province.
After the project is completed, the water supply of the city will be improved dramatically.
The 11.2-million-US-dollar project is the biggest one a Chinese firm has ever undertaken in Zambia.
This is the first time China Road and Bridge Corporation tendered in Zambia. Eight foreign corporations tendered for the bid.
The African Development Fund will provide loan for the project, which will be completed in 21 months.
A number of Chinese corporations are undertaking a growing number of projects in Zambia such as construction of schools, clinics, residence houses and roads as well as digging wells. (Xinhua)

Economy:
Chinese Economic Powerhouse to Increase International Presence

JINAN, September 5 (Xinhua) -- East China's Shandong Province, with the third largest gross domestic product in the country, will make efforts to increase its presence in the global economy in the coming century.
"The province will take measures to tap markets all over the world while introducing more overseas funds and talented people," said Shandong Provincial Governor Li Chunting.
As part of these efforts, the province will encourage more local enterprises, including State-owned enterprise groups and large private businesses, to open subsidiaries abroad.
Li said that his province, with a population of 88 million, boasts rich natural resources and has made marked progress in economic development over the past few decades.
According to Li, Shandong is now the country's largest producer of grain, edible oil, vegetables, fruit, cement, crude salt, washing machines, and several other agricultural and industrial products.
Since 1978, when China introduced its reform and opening policies, Li said, the province has opened up to the outside world step by step.
The cities of Qingdao and Yantai, both tourist attractions, are among the first 14 Chinese coastal cities open to overseas investors.
To date, the province as a whole has established economic and trade ties with 180 foreign countries and regions including the Republic of Korea, Germany, the United States, Britain, Canada, Australia, Japan, and Singapore.
An increasing number of overseas investors, including 26 of the world's top 100 multinationals, have injected some 21 billion US dollars into Shandong, accounting for about one-tenth of the province's total investment.
Local foreign trade has grown by 15.9 percent annually in the past two decades, with exports rising 13.4 percent per year.
Statistics indicate that Shandong handled 16.6 billion US dollars of imports and exports last year, making up 22.5 percent of the province's GDP.

Building Two Industrial Corridors In Southwest China

CHENGDU, September 5 (Xinhua) -- Southwest China's Sichuan Province has decided to build two industrial corridors along the Dadu and Minjiang rivers to replace the forest industry as a new economic growth area.
This comes in response to a State ban on logging last year to protect the environment and stop soil erosion. Forestry used to be a major industry along the two rivers, which run through the cities of Ya'an and Leshan and the Tibet autonomous prefectures of Aba and Garze.
The development program calls for the region to be built into the largest energy consuming industrial base in that part of China over the next five to ten years. Its abundant water resources and 30 types of mineral resources make it suitable for developing energy. On the two rivers, power stations may be built with a combined generating capacity of several tens of millions of kw.
There are 60 small hydro-electric power stations with an aggregate generating capacity of 80,000 kw in Shimian County on a key section of the Minjiang River and 20 more with a generating capacity of 50,000 kw are being built.
The county has 14 energy consuming enterprises and it produces 40,000 tons of silicon, carbon ferromanganese, and eletrolysis zinc and about 45 percent of the county's revenue. Its output of silicon ranks third in the country and it has become the largest foreign exchange earner from silicon exports in this part of China.
Nearly 100 industrial enterprises have been established by investors from Shandong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang province in east China and Chongqing municipality along the Dadu.

China Welcomes Overseas Investment in Building Materials Industry

BEIJING, September 5 (Xinhua) -- China's State Administration of Building Materials Industry (SABMI) will present 69 projects, which call for an aggregate investment of 1.9 billion US dollars, to overseas investors during the coming investment and trade fair to be held in southeast coastal open city of Xiamen on September 8- 12.
China now has received 5 billion US dollars worth of overseas funds in the thriving industry, China Daily's Business Weekly reported Sunday.
"SABMI will try to create more favorable investment climate for overseas investors," said Huang Jinfeng, an official with the administration.
She said SABMI has taken measures to maintain market order, including setting price floors for relevant products and working with related departments to combat fake products.
However, she stressed that all overseas-funded projects must meet international environmental protection standards.
Customs statistics reported a 2.3 percent year-on-year growth in building materials exports totaling 1.02 billion US dollars in the first half of this year.
Huang attributed the growth to increased tax rebate rates. Such rate for cement export increased from 11 percent in 1998 to 15 percent in 1999 while that for glasses and non-metallurgical products up from 9 percent to 13 percent.
Diversified strategy and improved quality also promoted building materials exports, she noted.

City News:
Beijing to Host 6th World Home Pigeon Championships

BEIJING, September 4 (Xinhua) -- The sixth homing pigeon world championships will be held in Beijing on October 15, 2000, the organizers announced at a press conference here on Saturday.
The organizers expected that raisers from some 30 countries and regions will send more then 600 homing pigeons to the Beijing tournament, according to Wang Xiaolin, director of the social sports center of the National Sports Bureau.
All the 52 membership countries and regions of the International Homing Pigeons Federation (IHPF) have be invited to each send 25 pigeons under 30-day old to the Beijing Huifu international Pigeon Club for a five-month site training before the championships.
All the racing pigeons will be carried to Anyang, Henan Province, an ancient city some 600 kilometers south Beijing a day before October 15, 2000. The pigeons will be released in the morning on the racing day and the first one returns to its training camp in Beijing will be the winner.
China is the largest homing pigeon raising country in the world with more then 3 millions of the total 7 millions registered pigeon raisers in the International Homing Pigeons Federation.

Beijing Tourism, Culture Festival Opens

BEIJING, September 5 (Xinhua) -- This year's Beijing international tourism and culture festival was unveiled by a gala party today at the newly-finished Ping'an thoroughfare which is in parallel with the Chang'an Avenue.
During the two-hour get-together, Chinese and overseas troupes from 34 countries and regions donned beautiful costumes and gave colorful performances representing different cultures and folklore of various lands.
The festival will feature a number of programs, including cultural night on Chang'an Avenue, theater shows, tourism consulting conferences, and special tours.
Beijing Party Secretary Jia Qinglin and Mayor Liu Qi attended today's grand gala party.

Residents to pay rubbish fees

Beijing, September 6 (China Daily)--BEIJING municipal government will impose fees for refuse treatment in October to offset a shortage of governmental allotments and to improve waste treatment, said Zhang Deshan, the deputy director of the Beijing Bureau of Environment and Health Administration, at a Friday press conference.
Local families will have to pay 3 yuan (US$0.361) per month, while those without permanent Beijing residential registration will have to pay 2 yuan (US$0.24) per month.
The bureau collects an estimated 130 million yuan (US$15.7 million) every year to dispose of rubbish produced in Beijing. The amount collected from fees will account for 30 per cent of all rubbish treatment expenses, said Zhang.
The rest of refuse treatment funds comes from municipal government funds.
Poor families, families of People's Liberation Army soldiers, and families of servicemen who have died in the line of duty can be declared exempt by local civil affair bureaux. State-owned enterprises do not pay rubbish fees.
According to Zhang, the fees collected will only be used for rubbish treatment, while the cost of building refuse treatment plants remains dependent on municipal government funds.
There are eight large-scale refuse treatment plants in Beijing and dozens of smaller ones, but the percentage of rubbish being treated is only 53 per cent.
Since it is difficult to determine the amount of rubbish produced by each family, the fee is based on an estimated level.
But, as Zhang said, the principle behind the fee policy is "those who produce rubbish will have to pay for it."
To measure the amount of garbage produced by every family, the bureau is considering a new rubbish collection policy. Under the new policy, the refuse transfer station would be responsible for collecting fees from the residents and then paying the refuse treatment plants for their rubbish. "Then the station would have to calculate the fee based on the amount of rubbish produced by every family," said Zhang. (CD News)

Survey On Citizens Investments

Shanghai, September 4 (Shanghai Daily)--According to a recent survey, over half of residents agree to the new tax policy on interest rates. Meanwhile, 80% of residents prefer to put their spare money in banks and 60% of people believe their future expenditures will increase and they should save more for it.
The survey was done in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai. Of the people surveyed, 53.7% say they will support the decision; 36.5% people say that it can balance wealth disparity. Also 16.7% people say it will not change their decision about savings plans after the implement of the new tax .
Over 80% of people surveyed think that there should be a limit to tax-free deposits, which can help poor people. Most people still choose bank savings as their main investment. In addition, 15.8% of those surveyed admit that they save because of the interest rate.
Almost all people think they should save more for the future. With the deepening process of reform, individuals should join with companies and the government in shouldering their pension, medical insurance and unemployment insurance. Currently, most social security programs are not guaranteed, which forces more and more people to save for future usage.
In comparing stocks, bonds, investment funds, the future and foreign exchange, 20.6% of people think that bank savings have advantages such as low risks, easy handling and stable rewards.

Consumption Credit Available To Individuals

Dalian, September 3 (Dalian Daily)--Citizens of Dalian now can get financial aid from banks when they aren't able to afford buying expensive durable consumer goods, decorating their interior houses or going to higher learning institutes or foreign universities.
The financial aid is called "consumption credit" and is now issued in Bank of China Liaoning Province Branch, Dalian Branch and Industrial and Commercial Bank Dalian Branch.
Applicants can get 100 thousand yuan for consumption credit at most and the pay-back term is three years.
For education credit, Ms. Yu Haiyan yesterday got a 400-thousand-yuan loan for her son who is now studying abroad and will pay off it in ten years' time. She said she felt both relaxing and burdened, but she thought pressure is in a sense good for her son to study harder. Another four persons got a 10-year-term loan of from 50 thousand yuan to several hundred yuan.

Features:
Feature: Buyi People Take to Modern Life

GUIYANG, September 5 (Xinhua) -- "My forefathers used to live in shabby, broken huts together with livestock and never adopted any advanced farming skills," said Xu Mingqing, a villager of the Buyi people of Libo County in southwest China's Guizhou Province.
But after 1949, when the People's Republic was founded and people of different ethnic groups were granted equal rights, the Buyi began to change their primitive way of life.
Yang Jiali, a local official in charge of minority people's affairs, told Xinhua that for hundreds of years, the Buyi had been in a state of hostility with the Han, China's major group, and other minority people, due to suppression by the dynastic feudal rulers.
Buyi people used to avoid contact with the outside and shun all modern concepts and ways of life, he added.
However, over the past five decades, the Buyi, now with a population of 2.1 million, have experienced great changes and achieved much progress, the official said.
Xu Mingqing is one of the first Buyi villagers to do business and has adopted modern farming techniques with the use of chemicals, fertilizers, machinery and, in recent years, greenhouse technology.
Like Xu, most local villagers in Boli County, where 60 percent of the population are ethnic Buyi, have now said farewell to poverty and are much better off.
Meng Qiliang, administrator of the Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, attributed these changes to the central government policy on minority people and measures to help underdeveloped areas catch up with the rest of the nation.

Profile: Story of Fashion Designer Liu Ming

CHONGQING, September 5 (Xinhua) -- Fashion designer Liu Ming needs only a piece of cloth and some pins to create an exquisite gown that is ready for the runway.
Her needle-less, thread-less technique gained her instant fame following a demonstration at a contest in Sichuan province in 1990, and again at the Spring Festival Evening Party, televised live by China Central Television (CCTV) the following year.
"I got the inspiration from the Indian Sari and the popular method in Japan in which dresses are cut out right on the models," Liu said.
Liu was only 18 when she got her first job in the fashion business, designing dresses for a local modeling team in Chongqing city. Due to a money shortage, she had to make dresses as simply as possible.
"I was not aware that I was creating an original dressmaking method, I only knew it saves both money and cloth," said Liu. With her nimble fingers, she can make a rose out of a napkin, and a wedding dress out of mosquito netting and string. She has adapted her distinct vision to create kimono, cheong-sam, evening dresses and beachwear.
"Before that, I was never ambitious enough to become a fashion designer," she recalled. "My biggest ambition was to become a tailor and have a small workshop of my own."
Even this simple wish seemed unattainable for Liu, who worked for years as a pigment mixer in a local tannery before signing up with the modeling team.
"I worked in the tannery and attended classes in a fashion center. I also hired an art tutor to teach me art basics," she recalled.
Soon after the dressmaking demonstration at CCTV, Liu formed her own modeling team and looked for fashion shows in which to show off her unusual work. "I became ambitious enough to present my own idea of fashion design," she said.
But as China opened up wider to the outside world, the country' s dressmaking industry faced mounting competition from name brand clothing manufacturers at home and abroad as well as exclusive dress shops.
To make herself more marketable, Liu enrolled at the Central Institute of Arts and Crafts to receive formal training in fashion design. "I wanted to prepare myself to become a fashion designer in the real sense," she said.
With her unique artistic flair which combines Chinese tradition and culture, Liu created two collections, "Dream of China" and " Yunyou," and won wide acclaim in the fashion circle as a designer with great potential.
In 1997, she was named "Excellent Fashion Designer" in the country's top national garment design contest.
Now, the 30-year old Liu has her own company and workshops, has developed two name brands and is custom-making dresses for stores in the busiest shopping district in Chongqing.
With a smile, she said she expects two things in the future: a new collection of dresses -- and a baby.

The Burhan's Family: A Deep Love Of The Motherland

URUMQI, September 4 (Xinhua) -- Oegur, a former vice president of the Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences, says that the greatest spiritual legacy his father-in-law Burhan Shahidi, Xinjiang's great patriot, left was a deep love of the motherland.
Burhan, who died in 1989, is loved and respected by all the ethnic groups of Xinjiang for his role in the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang in 1949 and his devotion to the motherland. He was chairman of the Provincial People's Government for many years after the New China was founded.
Burhan had eight children, five of whom are still living. His daughter Suum, who is Oegur's wife, was the second eldest. Oegur, who is now 81, was among the first group of people in Xinjiang to join the Communist Party in 1949 after liberation. He was posted to Alma Ata as Deputy Counsul-General in former Soviet Union.
In the 1950s, Oegur and Suum gave up a chance of staying in Moscow and returned to Xinjiang after graduating from university there to make a contribution to the motherland. Oegur became vice- president of the Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences and wrote books, one of which was the Brief History of the Uygur Ethnic Group in China.
In looking back over the past 50 years, he says that great changes have taken place in Xinjiang: Fifty years ago it was just a desert with little industry and completely backward. Xinjiang couldn't even produce a single nail.
Today it has a well-integrated industrial system and petrochemical products and agricultural machinery that are used all over China, he says, and he and his wife are very happy with their lives today in Xinjiang.
Burhan's son Mulati and daughter-in-law Kamar share Oegur's amazement over the great changes that have taken place in Xinjiang.
In the early 1960s, they graduated from the Beijing Petroleum Institute but gave up a chance to stay and work in Beijing and returned to Xinjiang to explore for petroleum.
They say that back then, exploration was very difficult because transportation meant on foot or the back of a camel. Now, however, they use helicopters to cross the desert and in one day can finish what used to take an entire whole summer.
His wife Kamar's parents and siblings emigrated to the Soviet Union before the 1990s, but she says that her roots are in China because she is Burhan's daughter-in-law. Her husband Mulati says, "My father lived a very simple life in those days and left nothing for us when he died but a great love of China that has inspired generations."
Burhan's family has been around now for five generations and numbers about 60. They have intermarried with people from various ethnic groups like the Uygurs, Kazakhs, Tatars, Uzbeks, and Han.
The big family is held together by the one strong belief inherited from Burhan Shahidi: a deep love of the motherland.

Others

Torrential Rain Hits East China

September 6 (China Radio International)--Torrential rain hit the southeastern part of east China's coastal province of Zhejiang.
The heavy rain, which lasted for about three hours before dawn Sunday, left two people missing and at least 520,000 others besieged by floodwater. Traffic on a local railway and a state highway has been interrupted because of landslides.
Several rescue teams have rushed to the flooded areas and some 100,000people have already been evacuated.

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